Toponymy: names of places
For ease and consistency, we use official Turkish modern spelling for city and location names, as defined by Türkiye Harita Genel Komutanlığı.
This modern spelling in Latin script appeared only after November 1928. Before that, spelling of place names was multiple and was somewhat phonetic in whatever language was used. In addition, during the Ottoman Empire, Grec, Latin and sometime French names were used alongside the Turkish name, like Smyrna and Izmir. Old documents from that time often use those names which were removed from common language by the Republic, and thus have been forgotten. The table below is a list of the most frequently encountered old names or old spellings and their modern equivalents.
|Old or foreign name||Modern name|