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Home > Signal > Mechanical

TCDD Mechanical Signaling

Text and graphics prepared by Micheal Urlaub

TCDD mechanical signaling shows its “Germanic” origin: operational principles and products from the German Empire prevailed on Turkish State railways, instead of British or French techniques used on the different British and French companies operating private railway lines.

Semaphore main signals

Note: The appearance of TCDD semaphore arms can be different. The illustration shows the common appearances:

Semaphore Entrance Signals are placed 200 - 300 meters approach to the entrance point.

Semaphor at Hilal

Semaphor at Hilal, August 2002; Photo Ergin Tönük

one semaphore arm raised 45 degrees

Open position, one semaphore arm raised 45 degrees above horizontal. Photo M. Urlaub

Closed position (entrance or exit signal):
Trains must stop at the signal.

Two arms at stop position

Two arms at stop position, Photo M. Urlaub

Open position, one semaphore arm raised 45 degrees above horizontal:

For Entrance Signal

Entrance permitted to the straight main running line or to a main line.

For Exit Signal

Exit permitted

Exit signal

Exit signal, one arm raised: exit permitted. Photo M. Urlaub

Open position, one semaphore arm raised 45 degrees above horizontal:

For Entrance Signal

Entrance permitted to the straight main running line or to a main line.

For Exit Signal

Exit permitted from the straight main running line

''One arm clear

One arm clear

Open position, one semaphore arm raised 45 degrees above horizontal:

For Entrance Signal

Entrance permitted to the straight main running line or to a main line.

Open position, two semaphore arms raised 45 degrees above horizontal:

If the signal has two semaphore arms:

For Entrance Signal

Entrance permitted over a route with points in diverging position.

For Exit Signal

Exit permitted over points in diverging position.

2 arms

Photo M. Urlaub

Open position, two semaphore arms raised 45 degrees above horizontal:

If the signal has three semaphore arms:

For Entrance Signal

Entrance permitted to the main line, adjoining of the main running line.

Open position, three semaphore arms raised 45 degrees above horizontal:

For Entrance Signal

Entrance permitted nor to the straight main running line neither to the main line, adjoining of the main running line, but to another reception lines.

Permissible Speeds over points:

Speed must not exceed 30 km/h over points in diverging position.

The authorized maximum speed over points in non-diverging position is:

  • in stations, equipped with I-National type interlocking 55 km/h
  • in stations with Taurus type interlocking 40 km/h
  • in stations without any interlocking 30 km/h

These speeds apply unless otherwise instructed in working timetable.

Semaphore distant signals

Semaphore Distant Signals are placed 500 meters before the Semaphore Entrance Signal, and, eventually, direct at the Semaphore Entrance Signal.

Distant Signals of entrance signals are marked by a white board with two black V and are preceded by three announcing boards installed at 100 meter intervals.

Note: exit signals of stations secured by I-National type interlocking are pre-announced by a distant signal at the Semaphore Entrance Signal.

Closed position:

The Semaphore Entrance Signal is at stop,

or, if placed at the semaphore entrance signal, the Semaphore Exit Signal is at stop.

Open position (pivoted disk):

The Semaphore Entrance Signal allows to proceed,

or, if placed at the Semaphore Entrance Signal, the Semaphore Exit Signal allows to proceed.

Photo M. Urlaub

Mechanical Protection Signal

Stations where no Entrance Signals are installed, Mechanical Protection Signals can be provided. They are placed from the entrance points at a distance of 700 meters. Mechanical Protection Signals are marked by a white board with two black V and are preceded by three announcing boards installed at 100 meter intervals.

Closed position: passing prohibited.

Protection signal

Photo M. Urlaub

Open position: passing permitted as far as the entrance points and act in accordance with hand signals (flag signals) of the pointsman.

Adapazari protection signal

Adapazari protection signal. 1 August 2002; Picture Ergin Tönük

The flag signals of the pointsman are the following:

  • A red flag (during darkness a red light) instructs the driver to stop immediately.
  • A green flag (during darkness a green light) allows to proceed with caution. The local authorized speed applies over the following points or a speed of 25 km/h (or of 40 km/h for motor coaches) on the open line.
  • The flag rolled together (during darkness a white light) allows normal speed.
Pointsman showing green flag

Pointsman showing green flag. Photo M. Urlaub

 


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Page last modified on 07/01/2012 11:15