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Horse drawn tramway
The horse drawn tram started to operate in Izmir around 1890. This tramway was running along the quay built a few years before. This tramway operated until is was converted to electric traction around 1927
3 lines were operated:
- Konak - Pointe / Alsancak
- Konak Göztepe
- Alsancak Halkapınar
A line was also running in Karşıyaka
The lines were single track, standard gauge, with passing loops to allow crossings of opposite running cars.
Open cars were used in summer times, and closed ones in winter.
The track on the quay was built to railway specification: standard gauge and suitable for steam engines. It was used to serve a freight shed the ORC use to have next to the custom office. This shed was served by two tracks: one running inside it, one running next to it which could also be used to run loco around. The track on the quay in the port area was single and used by the tram. Therefore it could not be used to park freight cars to load / unload ships. There is at least one picture showing a freight trains running on the quay track. There is also a picture of the junction linking the tram to the ORC tracks in Alsancak. Finally, there are pictures of a steam loco in front the freight shed.
The electric tramway was operated by a Belgian company: Société Générale de Tramways, de Transports et d'Electricité à Smyrne s.a., then Electricité et Tramways de Smyrne s.a. This company was the subsidiary of a Belgium transport group: Compagnie mutuelle de tramways.
The last electric tram was decommissioned in the early 1960s.
An electric tram running around the Clock Tower in Izmir
Another view of the tram and its trailer.
Izmir built a very realistic project, using former TCDD right of way for a part of the line from Halkapinar to Bornova. This old TCDD line was fully rebuilt to modern standard for the fraction of the coast of a new line. Further metro extensions are likely to use TCDD tracks again.
|opening year (revenue service)||25 August 2000|
|route length||11,6 km|
|number of stations||10|
|Station platform length||125m|
|Max speed||80 km/h|
|min headway:||2 mn|
|Traction power supply||750V DC, 3rd rail|
|rolling stock||3 cars set (*)|
(*) each car has 6 axles and is articulated. The outer bogies are powered by DC motors
- Car power: 300 KW (150 KW per bogie)
- Driving Control: GTO thyristors
- 4 double sliding door per car, pneumatically operated.
- Car capacity: 44 seats + 140 standing (at 4 / m2)
- Quantity: 30 cars
- Train configuration is Motor / Driving + Motor + Motor Driving
Unveiling of a light metro trainset build by CSR Zhuzhou was done in August 2012. These trainsets were ordered by Izmir Metro in October 2009. The order includes for 8 four-car trainsets for use on an 8 km extension of its 11·6 km line. Technically similar to Izmir's existing Adtranz fleet, the 80 km/h air-conditioned trains have a 2650 mm wide welded aluminum bodyshell, can negotiate curves down to 30 m radius, and are fitted with magnetic track brakes. Delivery is scheduled for October 2012.