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Home > MUs > E8000

E8000

  • Type EMU-3
  • Axle: Bo2+22+2Bo
  • Total quantity: 30
  • First year: 1955
  • Manufacturer: Alsthom / Jeumont / De Dietrich


History

As of 2004, nearly all the E8000 are still soldiering on, nearly 50 years after their entry into active service on the European side suburb of Istanbul. The E8000 were built in the pioneering days of the 25kV 50Hz, a technology that still in its infancy in 1955. Main line 50 Hz electrification had barely begun in France and TCDD was the first export customer of Alsthom for this technology. Since then, 25kV 50Hz became worldwide standard. From a railway historical perspective, the E8000 are maybe the most important piece of railway equipment ever in Turkey.

The E8000 where built by a group of French manufacturers:

  • Alsthom as main contractor and supplying traction motors, bogies, the throw-out switch, and the battery charging equipment and the auxiliary compressor.
  • Jeumont for the whole of the electrical fittings, the installation and erection of all electrical parts.
  • De Dietrich & Cie, the bodies of the vehicles and their interior equipment.
  • Forges et Ateliers du Creusot (Schneider Works) supplied the axles

TCDD ordered these in units in 3 batch:

YearQuantity acquired
195518
19626
19636

Description

The E8000 are composed of three cars: two motor units and an intermediate trailer. The design of the cars is quite modern with a rounded streamlined cab and body. All the electrical apparatus is concealed under the floor, behind rounded skirts. The motor units are identical except for a luggage space present only in the C unit. All the cars have four sets of sliding doors per sides. These doors are designed for high platform only. The E8000 had a fourth car locally made and added to expand capacity. However, the additional weight curtailed the acceleration of the E8000, which was already poor. This trailer was then removed.

Each motor unit has one motor bogie with two nose suspended motors. These motors, type TAM639 are direct AC motors, also known as collector type. They are an adapted design of the original Alsthom TDM627 of SNCF BB6052. Each motor is fed by from the main transformer by an independent circuit. The motor voltage is controlled through a Jeumont Heidman voltage regulator, which uses a cam-operated contactor with a servomotor. This can-operated contactor is derived from a common DC current design. Both the transformer and the contactors are located under the frame.

The unit has a Sharfenberg automatic coupling and up to three racks can be coupled together. The unit also has a deadman equipment and a semi automatic anti wheel slip device.

The EMU had most of their life a white (cream) and red livery. It was replaced in the 1990's by a white and blue livery. Very recently, some units received a very modern white and blue livery with a red strip just under the windows. Their overall appearance was kept the same apart from a few minor variations, especially to the front end. The E8000 were designed for the Sirkeci Halkalı service and they spend almost their entire career there. When the Haydarpasa Gebze line was electrified, they did some service there until the 14000 arrived.

Today, the E8000 are living vintage units. There are rumors that they will be taken out of service in the coming years, they certainly deserve a place in a museum now. Until then, I much recommend a short trip on board the last direct AC motors in Europe.

E8000 main characteristics

Power rating (KW)1100 KW (550KW per motor car)
Power Supply25 KV, 50Hz
Weight120 t
Overall length68 m
Driving car overall length22,7 m
Max speed90 km/h

E8000 drawings

E8000 Electrical diagram

E8000 Electrical diagram showing schematic wiring for one motor car (i.e. one motor bogie). The direct AC motor can easily be seen.

E8000 traction curves

E8000 traction curves

Traction transformer

Traction transformer, From "Locomotives Françaises", "Syndicat des Constructeurs Mécaniciens de Locomotives, 1963. Coll B. Bickel

Traction motor

Traction motor, From "Locomotives Françaises", "Syndicat des Constructeurs Mécaniciens de Locomotives, 1963. Coll B. Bickel

E8000 overall drawing

E8000 overall drawing. In normal running condition, both pantograph are raised since there is no 25 KV line along the train.

8000 03 bb

Another drawing showing interior layout

E8000 Pictures

E8000 in Yedikule, April 1956. New technology, new EMU, new catenary. Photo A. Swale

E8000 in Yedikule, April 1956. New technology, new EMU, new catenary. Photo A. Swale

E8000

E8000, From "Locomotives Françaises", "Syndicat des Constructeurs Mécaniciens de Locomotives, 1963. Coll B. Bickel

E8023 at Sirkeci Station. 4 June 2001, photo Derya Ferendeci

E8023 at Sirkeci Station. 4 June 2001, photo Derya Ferendeci

E8013 and E8016, at Sirkeci Station. 4 June 2001, photo Derya Ferendeci

E8013 and E8016, at Sirkeci Station. 4 June 2001, photo Derya Ferendeci

Rigid coupling between the trailers. July 2001, photo Gökçe Aydin

Rigid coupling between the trailers. July 2001, photo Gökçe Aydin

Automatic Sharfenberg coupling between units 8025 and 8024. July 2001, photo Gökçe Aydin

Automatic Sharfenberg coupling between units 8025 and 8024. July 2001, photo Gökçe Aydin

A line up of E8000 at Sirkeci. July 2001, photo Gökçe Aydin

A line up of E8000 at Sirkeci. July 2001, photo Gökçe Aydin

E8025. July 2001, photo Gökçe Aydin

E8025. July 2001, photo Gökçe Aydin

E8028 leaving Sirkeci. July 2001, photo Gökçe Aydin

E8028 leaving Sirkeci. July 2001, photo Gökçe Aydin

E8024, coupled with 88025, leaving Bakirköy station. July 2001, photo Gökçe Aydin

E8024, coupled with 88025, leaving Bakirköy station. July 2001, photo Gökçe Aydin

E8025, which has an original cab roof with red lights in the corners

E8025, which has an original cab roof with red lights in the corners and the horn in the middle. The third light is under the cab central window. July 2001, photo Gökçe Aydin

8021: this unit has two third lights

8021: this unit has two third lights: under and above the cab central window. At the back E52508. July 2001, photo Gökçe Aydin

E8020 setting off for Halkali. Sirkeci, 1997, Photo M. Peakman

E8020 setting off for Halkali. Sirkeci, 1997, Photo M. Peakman

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Page last modified on 23/09/2016 21:22